However, in October 1989, Gaddafi visited Egypt for the first time in sixteen years.
The Libyan response to the Geneva conference was negative, viewing it as counter-productive for Arab unity.
In July 1977 several battles occurred on the border, and Libyan aircraft were destroyed by an Egyptian attack.
After four days fighting with heavy losses by both sides, the two countries agreed to a cease-fire at the urging of Algeria's president.
Isolated and vulnerable after the overthrow of Saddam Hussein by US forces in 2003, Gaddafi executed a volte-face, renouncing support of terrorism and the use of weapons of mass destruction.
After Gaddafi seized power in 1969, he quickly began to use oil revenue to build up the Libyan armed forces, purchasing Mirage III jets and other equipment from France.